Scientific papers details

  • year : 2012
  • How to cite : , 2012 , 33 (1) ,pp: 1-7
  • Abstract : This experiment was conducted to evaluate the response of feeding broiler chicks diets containing gradual levels of essential oil extracted from lemon grass(LGO).A total of 200, five days-old, unsexes (Ross 308) broiler chicks were subjected to a 42 day experimental period. Chicks were randomly divided into five groups of 40 chick’s ćwith four replicates for each group. Five experimental diets were formulated (A, B, C, D and E). Diets A as negative control (NC), diet B control diet supplemented with antibiotic (Neomycin 16 mg/Kg ) as positive control (PC),while diets C,D and E served as NC supplemented with (LGO) at 50,100 and 150 mg/Kg respectively. Result obtained showed that addition of LGO significantly improved (P≤0.05) performance (body weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio) of broiler chicks as compared to the group NC while no significant(P≤0.05) differences were noted among broilers fed on diets supplemented with LGO and PC groups respectively. The mortality rate was not influenced by anyof the dietary treatments. Results revealed no significant differences (P≤0.05) among all treatment groups regarding carcass dressing percentages giblet, commercial cuts(breast, drumstick and thigh) and percentage of their separable tissue, meat chemical composition and subjective meat quality parameters. Supplementation of LGO in the broiler diets at various levels resulted in significant (p>0.05) reduction of serum cholesterol, urea and alkaline phosphate (ALP) enzyme activity as compared to both NC and PC groups while total protein, calcium ,phosphorus and AST remained unchanged. Economically the addition of LGO improved the performance of broiler chicks and resulted in economical benefits, This study showed that LGO when added as growth promoter in broiler diets had a similar effect as that with antibiotic without any adverse effects.
  • Author :
  • A.M.Mukhtar
  • K.A. Mohamed
  • Amal ,O.A
  • Ahlam, A.H
  • References :
    1. Abaza, I.M.; M.A.Shehata; M.S.Shoieb and I.I.Hassan (2008). Evaluation of some natural feed additive in growing chick’s diets. International Journal of Poultry Science 7(9):872-879.
    1. Alcicek, A. Bozkurt, M. and Cabuk, M. (2004). The effect of a mixture of herbal essential oils on organic acid or a probiotic on broiler performance. South African Society for Animal Science, 34(4):217-222.
    1. Buchana, N.P.; Hott, J.M.; Cutlip, S.E.’Rock, A.l.; Asamer, A. and MortizJ, S, (2008). The effect of a natural antibiotic alternative and anatural growth promoter feed additive on broiler performance and carcassquality.J.Appl.Poult.Res.202-210.
    1. Burkill, I.H. (1996). The useful plants of West .Royal Botanic Garden.Ken2:29-30 Dieumou, F.E., Dieumou, A.Teguia-Kuiate, J.R.,Tamokou,J,D. Fonge, N.B. and Dongmo,M.C.(2009). Effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and garlic (Allium sativa), essential oils on growth performance and gut microbial population of broiler chickens. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 21:25-34.
    1. El-tahir, K.E.H. (2006). The black seed Nigella sativa Linnaeus –A, mine for multi cures: Aplea for urgent clinical evaluation of its volatile oil. JTU.Mrd.Sc. 1(1):1-19.
    1. El bagir, N.M., Hama,A.V., Hamed, R.M., Abd-El-Rahim, A.G.and en,A.C.(2006). Lipid composition of egg yolk and serum in laying hens fed diet containing black cumin (N.sativa).J.Poult, Sci.5:574-578.
    1. Fuliang, H.U.; Hepburn, H.R.Kuan, H.; Chen, M.; Daya, S.,Radioff, S.E.(2005). Effect of propolis and blood glucose, blood lipid and free radicals in rats with diabetes mellitus.Pharmacol, Res.51:147 -152.
    1. Haj Ali, D.M. (1995). A comparative phytochemecal study on menthe species grown in Sudan’s University of Khartoum.
    1. Ismail, Z.S.H. (2011). Effects of dietary black cumin growth seeds (Nigella sativa L.)Or its extract on performance and total coliorm bacteria count on broiler chicks. Research Arti.
    1. Obi, I.O. (1990). Statistical methods of detecting differemces between treatment means.2nd Edn-Snaap Press.Enugu, Nigeria, pp:25-85.
    1. Mukhtar, A. M., (2007). The effect of feeding Rosella (Hibiscus sabdarifta) seed on broiler chicks performance. Research Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences 2: 21-23.
    1. Mukhtar, A.M. (2011). The effect of feeding clove oil on broiler performance. Australian Journal of Basic Sciences. 5(7):49-51.
    1. NRC (1994) Nutrient requirements of poultry .9th Rev.Ed. National Academy press, Washington, DC, USA.
    1. Tekeli, A.,Kutla,H.R. and Colic,L.(2011). Effect of Z.officinal and propalis extracts on the performance of broiler chicks. Current Research in poultry science .7:441-451.
    1. Russo, E.B. (1992.Headache Treatments by Native People of the Ecuadorian Amazon: Apreliminary Cross –Disciplinary
    1. ssessment).J.Ethinopharmacol.36:193-203.

All Right Reserved for Sudan University of Science and Technology - 2016