Scientific papers details

  • year : 2013
  • How to cite : , 2013 , 1 (4) ,pp: 247-253
  • Abstract : The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of different levels of feed added Gum Arabic powder on the performance, carcass characteristics and serum chemistry of broiler chicks. Five experimental diet's were designated as A, B, C, D and E. Diet A as a control, B was supplemented with antibiotic growth powder (Neomycin), diets C, D and E were supplemented with 2, 4 and 6% of Gum Arabic respectively. 140 broiler chicks, 7 days old were randomly distributed into five treatments, each treatment with four replicates and each replicate with seven chicks. Average weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, mortality rate, dressing percentage, weight of different commercial cut's (breast, drumstick, thigh), giblets (liver, gizzard) abdominal fat, meat chemical composition and serum chemistry were used as a criteria of response. Economics for each group was calculated at the end of the experimental period. Results obtained showed no significant difference between treatment groups in performance parameters, dressing percentage, yield of commercial cuts, non carcass components, physical and chemical composition of meat values. The supplementation of control diet with Gum Arabic significantly (P> 0.05) decreased total cholesterol, uric acid and calcium crystals and at the same time increased the level of total protein in the blood serum compared to control group and that fed on diet supplemented with antibiotic. Supplementation of Gum Arabic apparently improved the general performance of broiler chicks, significantly decreased total cholesterol and uric acid of blood serum. Economically Gum Arabic can be safely included in broiler diets up to 6% without any adverse effect.
  • Author :
  • Sena Al-Fadil
  • Mukhtar Ahmed Mukhtar
  • Mohammed H. Tabidi
  • References :
    1. AOAC, Official Methods of Analysis (12th Ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA 1975.
    1. AOAC, Official Methods of Analysis (14th Ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA 1984;pp:522-533.
    1. Abd-Razig NM, Sabahelkhier MK, Idris OF. Effect of Gum Arabic (Acacia sengal) on lipid profile and performance of laying Hens. Journal of Applied Bio sciences 2010;32:2002-2007.
    1. AL-Othman AA, AL-Shagrawi RA, Hewedy FM, Hamdi M. Plasma total, lipoprotein cholesterol, organs cholesterol and growth performance in rats fed dietary gum Arabic. Food Chem 1998;62:69-72.
    1. Annison G, Trimble RP, Topping DL. Feeding Australian Acacia gums and gum Arabic leads to non-starch polysaccharide accumulation in the cecum of rats. J Nutr 1995;125:283-292.
    1. Awad WA, Ghareeb K, abdel-Raheem S, Bohm J. Effects of dietary inclusion of probiotic and symbiotic on growth performance, organ weights and intestinal histomorphology of broiler chickens. Poult Sci 2009;88:49- 56.
    1. Bliss DZ, Stein TP, Schleirfer CR and settle RG. Effect of Gum Arabic on Chronic renal failure. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1996;63:392-398.
    1. Coxam V. Current data with inulin type fructans and calcium, targeting bone health in adults. jnutr 2007;137(11):25275-25335.
    1. Cross CK, Bharucha KR, Telling GM. determination of volatile N-nitrosamines in bacon cook-out fat by nitrite release and thin-layer chromatography of fluorescent amine derivatives. J Agric Food Chem 1978;26(3):657-60.
    1. Duncan DB. Multiple Ranges F. Test. Metric approach 1955;11:1-42.
    1. El-Khier MKS, Ishag KEA, Abu Elgasim A, Abu Baker AA. Supplementing laying hen diet with Gum Arabic (Acacia sengal) Effect on egg production, shell thickness and yolk content of cholesterol, calcium and phosphorus. Asian Journal of Poultry Science 2010;4(3):143-148.
    1. Fuller R. Probiotics in man and animals. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 1989;66:345-78.
    1. Gibson Gr, Rober Froid M. Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota-introducing the concept of prebiotics. Journal of Nutrition 1995;125:1401-1412.
    1. Huang MM, Choi MK, Houde YJ, Lee R, Lee JW, Zhao X. Effects of Lactobacilli and an acidophilic fungus on the production performance and immune responses in broiler chickens. Poult Sci 2004;83:788–795.
    1. Jin L, HO YW, Abdullah N, Jajaludin S. Digestive and bacteria enzyme activities in broiler fed diets supplemented with lacto bacillus culture. Polt Sci 2000;79:991-996.
    1. Kabir ML, Rahman MM, Rahman BM, Ahmed US. The dynamics of probiotics on growth performance and immune response in broilers. Int J Poult Sci 2004;3:361-364.
    1. Kelley JJ, Tsai AC. Effect of pectin, Gum Arabic and agar on cholesterol absorption, synthesis and turnover in rats. J Nutr 1978;108:630- 639
    1. Marinho MC, Lordelo MM, Cunha LF, Freire JPB. Microbial activity in the gut of piglets: Effect of prebiotic and probiotic supplementation. Livestock science 2007;108:236-239.
    1. Midilli M, Alp M, Kocabağlı N, Muğlalı ÖH, Turan N, Yılmaz H, Çakır S. Effects of dietary probiotic and prebiotic supplementation on growth performance and serum IgG concentration of broilers. South African Journal of Animal Science 2008;38(1):21-27.
    1. Mountzaouris KC, Tsirtsikos P, Kalamara E, Nitsch S, Schatzamayr G, Fegeros K. Evaluation of the efficacy of a probiotic containing lacto bacillusbidofido baslerium, enterococcus and pediococcus strains in promoting broiler performance and modulating cecal microflora composition and metabolic activities. Poult Sci 2007;86:309- 317.
    1. Nasir O, Artune F, Saeed A, Kambal MA, Kalbacher H, Sandulache D, Bioinic KM, Johove N, Long F. Effect of Gum Arabic (Acacia senegal) on water and electrolyte balance in healthy Mice. Journal of Renal Nutrition 2004;18:230-238.
    1. NRC. Nutrient requirements of poultry (9th Ed.). National Academy Press, Washington DC, USA 1994.
    1. Park SO, Park BS. Effect of dietary micro encapsulated inulin carcass characteristics and growth performance in broiler chickens. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 2011;10:1342-1412
    1. Patterson JA, Burkholder KM. Application of prebiotics and probiotics in poultry production. Poult Sci 2003;82:627-631.
    1. Phillips GO. Acacia gum (Gum Arabic): A nutritional fiber metabolism and calorific value. Food Addit Contam 1998;15:251-264.
    1. Piray AH, Kermanshahi H, Tahmasbi AM, Bahrampour J. Effects of cecal cultures and aspergillus meal prebiotic (Fermacto) on growth performance and organ weights of broiler chickens. Int J Poult Sci 2007;6:340- 344.
    1. Rayes N, Sechofer D, Neuhaus P. Prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics in surgery- are they only trendy, truly effective or even dangerous? Langenbecks Achieves of surgery 2009;394:547-555.
    1. Rebole A, Ortiz IT, Rodriguez ML, Alzueta G, Trevino J, Ve Lasco S. Effects of inulin and enzyme complex individually or in comination on growth performance intestinal microflora, cecal fermentation characteristics and jejuna histo morphology in broiler chickens fed wheat and barley based diet. Poultry Science 2010;89:276-86
    1. Ross AH, Eastwood MA, Brydon WG, Anderson JR, Anderson DM. A study of the effects of dietary gum Arabic in human. Am Clin Nutr 1983;37:368-375.
    1. Sabahelkhier MK, Ishag KE, Yagoub AA, Abu Baker AA. Supplement Laying Hen Diet with Gum Arabic (Acacia Senegal). Effect on Egg Production, shell thickness and Yolk content of cholesterol, calcium and phosphorus Asian Journal of Poultry Science 2009;8:1-3.
    1. Sims MD, Soften AE. Comparative effects of a mannan oligo saccharide and an antibiotic growth promoter on performance of commercial tom turkeys. 48th Western Poultry Disease Conf, Vacouver, Canada 1999;pp:78- 82.
    1. Tageldin S, Elkhalifa KF, Abass K. The effect of Gum Arabic on body weight and some blood element in New Zealand California and baladi rabbits. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 2006;9(1):96-98
    1. Topping D, Illman RJ, Trimble RP. Volatile fatty acid concentrations in rats fed diets containing gum Arabic and cellulose separately and amixture. Nutr Rep Int 1985;32:809-814
    1. Waldroup PW, Fritts CA, Fengland Y. Utilization of Bb-Mas Mannan oligo saccharide and Bioplex copper in broiler diets int. J Poult Sci 2003;2:44-52.
    1. Zulkifili I, Abdullah N, Azrin NM, HO YW. Growth performance and immune response of two commercial broiler strains fed diets containing lacto bacillus culture and oxytetracycline under heat stress conditions. Br Poult Sci 2000;41:598-597.

All Right Reserved for Sudan University of Science and Technology - 2016